Roman Imperial coin, bronze, AE centenionalis. Struck during the reign of Flavius Magnus Magnentius Augustus in Treveri (Trier), 350-353 C.E. The bare head, draped, and cuirassed bust of Magnentius face right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG" left and right of image and a Lambda symbol in left field. On reverse, two standing figures of Victoria, the goddess and personification of victory, face each other and support a shield in their arms with the inscription "VOT V MVLT X" center, "VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAES" (most likely) surrounding image, and "TRS" in the exergum. Coin irregularly shaped rendering the inscriptions difficult to decipher.
Date range: 350-353 C.E.
Remarks: Of barbarian origin, Magnentius joined the ranked of the Roman army and soon proved himself to be a soldier of great ability. During the reign of Constans he became one of the Empire's foremost generals, but early in 350 he rebelled against his master and was himself proclaimed emperor. Following the death of Constans, his rule was recognized by most of the western provinces, and he determined to extend his authority over the rest of the Empire also. Accordingly he led his army against Constantius II, but after some initial success he was heavily defeated at Mursa in September, 351. In the following year he was forced to withdraw to Gaul, and after a final defeat near Mount Seleucushe was deserted by his soldiers and committed suicide on August 11th, 353. Magnentius' coins were minted in Ambianum, Treveri, Lugdunum, Arelate, Aquileia, Rome, and Siscia.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol V, 2014), #18825 (or similar), pgs242-245. (Unable to confidently identify the specific #, but have appraised the coin based on other coins similar to this one in Sear-- $50-60 range.)
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Europe/Germany/Trier|