Roman Imperial coin, bronze, AE as or dupondius. Struck during the reign of Tiberius Caesar, c. 31-37 C.E. The radiate head of Augustus faces left in profile, on obverse with the inscription "DIVVS AVGVSTVS PATER" surrounding image. On reverse, a large altar is depicted center, with the inscriptions "S-C" on either side and "PROVIDENT" in the exergum. "...facade of altar-enclosure fo the Ara Providentiae Augusti, with double panelled door and horns of the altar visible above. The site of teh altar dedicated to the 'providence' of Augustus is not known, but it may have been located in the Campus Martius." (Sear). Reverse image and inscriptions are difficult to decipher due to oxidation.
Date range: c. 31-37 C.E.
Remarks: Born in 42 B.C.E., Tiberius was the elder son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla. His mother divorced Tiberius Claudius Nero in 39 B.C.E. and married Octavian (later known as Augustus). After the death of Agrippa, Augustus became increasingly dependent on his step-son in military matters, and Tiberius spent much time campaigning on the frontiers of the Empire. His marriage with Augustus' daughter, Julia, was not a happy one however, and in 6 he retired to the island of Rhodes where he spent the next eight years. Augustus never had any affection for his step-son and it was only after the deaths of his two grandsons, Caius and Lucius, that he grudgingly recognized Tiberius as the probable heir to the throne.
He succeeded Augustus in 14 C.E. and proved himself a very able administrator. The empire in general prospered under his rule, but there was much tragedy within the emperor's family and treason trials became increasingly frequent. In 26 Tiberius retired to Capreae and never again returned to Rome. He died at Misenum on March 16th, 37, at the age of 78. Tiberius' coins were minted in Rome, Lugdunum, Caesarea, and possibly Samosata.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values" , London 2000 (Vol I), #1789, pg 352.
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|