Object Record

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Collection Roman Collection
Catalog Number 2015.7.139
Object Name Coin
Description Late Roman Imperial or Byzantine coin, silver, AR siliqua. Struck during the reign of Flavius Claudius Constantinus, Emperor of the West, in Lugdunum (Lyon), 407-411 C.E. The draped and cuirassed bust of Constantine III wears a diadem and faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "D N CONSTANTINVS P F AVG" left and right of image. On reverse, the seated figure of Roma, the goddess and personification of Rome, faces left and holds a small figure of Victoria on a globe in her left hand and a spear in her right with the inscriptions "VICTORIA AAVGGGG" left and right of image and "SMLD" in the exergum. Coin edge damaged rendering the reverse inscriptions partially illegible.
Date range: 407-411 C.E.

Remarks: A common soldier, Constantine III was proclaimed emperor by the legions in Britain in 407 C.E., and immediately crossed over to Gaul where he established himself side by side with the barbarian invaders of the province. The following year he added Spain to his dominions, but in 409 this province was overrun by the Vandals, Alani, and Suevi, due to treachery on the part of Gerontius, one of the usurper's generals. Constantine III was eventually captured by Constantius, the general of Honorius, and was sent to Italy for execution in 411. Constantine III's coins were minted in Treveri, Lugdunum, Arelate, and Milan.

Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol V, 2014), #21068, pg 469. (Perhaps as valuable as 2015.7.23--the Caligula coin. It seems in better condition than the Caligula coin. I suggest having a professional appraiser look at this one. I have given it just a 'ballpark' estimate.)
Title Constantine III
Date 407-411 CE
Material Silver
Dimensions Dia-0.625 inches
Credit line Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas
Place of Origin Europe/France/Lyon
Subjects Roman Empire
Byzantine Empire