Roman Republic coin, silver, AR denarius. Minted by Publius Plautius Hypsaeus and Marcus Aemilius Scaurus, moneyers (tresviri monetales) in 58 B.C.E. The Nabataean King Aretas kneels before a camel in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions " [M] SCAVRV" and "AED CVR" left, and "S.C" right, and "[REX] ARETAS" in the exergum. Three square gouges below camel's head. On reverse, Jupiter or Jove, god of the sky and thunder and king of the gods, in galloping quadriga facing left, holds the reins in his left hand and hurls a thunderbolts with his right, a scorpion on the left below the horses, with the inscriptions "AED CVR" above, "CAPTVM" right, "P HYPSEA COS" and "PREIVER" in the exergum. Reverse side off struck.
Date: 58 B.C.E.
Remarks: This coin records the surrender of the Nabataean King Aretas to Marcus Aemilius Scaurus. "The precise date of the curule aedileship of Scaurus and Hypsaeus has been recorded, providing a valuable fixed point in the chronolgy of the later Republican coinage. The remarkable obv. type commemorates the surrender in 62 BC of Aretas III, king of the Nabataean Arabs, to Scaurus himself, the first instance of a moneyer publicizing an event from his own career on the coinage" (Sear 144, Vol I).
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values" , London 2000 (Vol I), #378, pg 144; Edward A. Sydenham, The Coinage of the Roman Republic (1952), #913.
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|