Roman Imperial coin, copper, AE as. Struck during the reign of Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus (Emperor Claudius) in Rome, c. 41-54 C.E. The bare head of Claudius faces left in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG P M TR P IMP" surrounding image. On reverse, the standing figure of Libertas, the goddess and personification of Liberty, faces right and holds a pileus in her right hand with her left extended with the inscriptions "LIBERTAS AVGVSTA" left and right and "S-C" in either side of image. Obverse and reverse images and inscriptions difficult to decipher due to fading and damage.
Date range: 41-54 C.E.
Remarks: The younger son of Nero Claudius Drusus and Antonia Minor, Claudius was born at Lugdunum in 10 B.C.E. A childhood illness (perhaps anattack of infantile paralysis) left him with a limp and slight deafness, and it was also generally assumed that he was weak-minded because of the illness. He thus took little part in public life, devoting himself to academic studies, until, on the death of his nephew Caligula, he was proclaimed emperor by the Praetorian Guard. It soon became clear that he was by no means as weak-minded as people had thought, and he proved himself a very capable administrator. In 43 C.E. he personally took part in the invasion of Britain, thus beginning its Roman occupation which was to last until the fifth century. He married his niece, Agrippina Junior, in 49 C.E. and in the following year he adopted her son, Nero, who then became heir to the throne. He died on October 13th, 54, possibly as the result of poison administered on the orders of Agrippina. Claudius' coins were minted in Rome, Ephesus, Caesarea, and possibly Lugdunum.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values" , London 2000 (Vol I), #1859, pg 368.
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Europe/Italy/Rome|