Object Record

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Collection Roman Collection
Catalog Number 2015.7.99
Object Name Coin
Description Roman Imperial coin, bronze, (AE) Billon antoninianus. Struck during the reign of Marcus Aurelius Probus Augustus in Ticinum (Pavia), 276-282 C.E. The radiate and cuirassed bust of Probus faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "IMP C PROBVS AVG" surrounding image. Obverse slightly off struck. On reverse, the standing figure of Securitas, the goddess and personification of security and stability, especially of the Roman empire, faces left and leans against a column with her left arm and raises her right with the inscriptions "SECVRIT PERP" surrounding image and "(sigma)XXI" in the exergum.
Date range: 276-282 C.E.

Remarks: Born at Sirmium in 232 C.E., Probus adopted the profession of arms and gained rapid promotion until, by the reign of Aurelian, he had become one of the leading generals of the Empire. Soon after the death of Tacitus he was proclaimed emperor by his troops and, following the murder of Florianus, he became undisputed master of the Roman world. His reign was notable not only for his considerable military successes, but also for his attempt to restore the economic life of the Empire. To this end he introduced viticulture, the science, production, and study of grapes, into several of the western provinces, and had he been able to carry out all his plans the Roman State might have recovered much of its ancient power and prestige. However, in the autumn of 282 C.E. he was murdered at Sirmium by a band of mutinous soldiers who were enraged at having been employed on public works instead of military duties. Probus' coins were minted in Rome, Lugdunum, Ticinum, Siscia, Serdica, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Tripolis.

Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol III, 2005), #12033, pg 479
Title Probus
Date 276-282 CE
Material Bronze
Dimensions Dia-0.875 inches
Credit line Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas
Place of Origin Europe/Italy/Pavia
Subjects Roman Empire
Ancient Rome