Object Record

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Collection Roman Collection
Catalog Number 2015.7.12
Object Name Coin
Description Roman Imperatorial coin, silver, AR denarius. Minted in Africa, c. 47-46 B.C.E. The head of Venus wears a diadem in profile, on obverse with no inscription. On reverse, a standing figure of Aeneas facing left carries Anchises on his left shoulder, and the Palladium in his right hand, with the inscription "CAESAR" right.
Date range: 47-46 B.C.E.

Remarks: Gaius Julus Caesar was born 100 B.C.E., and as a young man was opposed to the powerful dictator Sulla. He soon became a prominent figure amongst the aristocracy of Rome and in 59 B.C.E.. He was elected consul after having formed the first triumvirate with Pompey and Crassus. The years 58-50 were spent in almost continuous campaigning in Gaul and it was during this period that Caesar made his two expeditions to Britain (55 and 54, although they were not serious attempts to conquer). He defeated Pompey at Pharsalus in 48 and spent the next two years defeating the remnants of the Pompeian party. He then returned to Rome undisputed master of the Roman world, but after only a short period of supreme power a conspiracy against his life was formed and he was assassinated on the Ides (15th) of March, 44 B.C.E. Gaius Julius Caesar claimed that he was a descendant of Aeneas, son of the goddess Venus, and therefore a descendant of a deity.

References: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values" , London 2000 (Vol I), #1402, pg 268; Edward Sydenham, The Coinage of the Roman Republic (1952), #1013.
Title Julius Caesar
Date 47-46 BCE
Material Silver
Dimensions Dia-0.688 inches
Credit line Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas
Place of Origin Africa
Subjects Roman Republic
Ancient Rome