Roman Imperial coin, bronze, (AE 3) Billon centenionalis. Struck during the reign of Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus in honor of his son Constantine II as Caesar during his lifetime in Antioch, 330-334 C.E. The laureate and draped bust of Constantine II faces left in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C" surrounding image. On reverse, a camp-gate surmounted by two turrets is depicted with a star above and a dot in doorway with the inscriptions "PROVIDENTIAE CAESS" left and right of image and "SM ANT A" (Alpha) in the exergum.
Date range: 330-334 C.E.
Remarks: The eldest son of Constantine I and Fausta, Constantine II was born in 314 C.E. He was Caesar in 317, and at the age of eighteen he distinguished himself in a campaign against the Goths. On the division of the Empire following the death of Constantine I, he received Spain, Gaul, and Britain as his sphere of government. However, he soon quarrelled with his younger brother, Constans, over the division of the territories, and early 340 he crossed the Alps and invaded Italy, only to be killed in an ambush near Aquileia. Coins struck in his honor were minted in London, Treveri, Lugdunum, Arelate, Rome, Siscia, Sirmium, Thessalonica, Heraclea, Constantinople, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol V, 2014), #17255, pg 99.
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Asia/Turkey/Antioch|