Roman Imperial coin, silver, AR denarius. Struck during the reign of the Emperor Hadrian (Publius Aelius Hadrianus Augustus) for his wife Vibia Sabina or Sabina Augusta (100-137 C.E.), 128 C.E. The head of Vibia Sabina wears a diadem and faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscription "SABINA AVGVSTA" on left and right of image. On reverse, the standing figure of Concordia, the goddess and personification of agreement in marriage and society, faces left holds a patera in her right hand and a sceptre in her left with the inscriptions "CONCORDIA AVG" surrounding image.
Date: 128 C.E.
Remarks: Hadrian’s coinage relies on the political and matrimonial significance of Concordia, along with her strong association with Sabina, in order to make the innovative claim that men and women must be relatively equal in marriage for the state to function optimally. Hadrian and Sabina themselves modeled their relationship on equality. By giving Sabina a stake in a medium whose purpose was frequently political, Hadrian demonstrates that marriage and the Roman woman could not exist in isolation from the workings of the Roman state. Hadrian's coins were minted in Rome, Asia Minor, and possibly Ephesus, Sardes, Smyrna and other mints.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values" , London 2002 (Vol II), #3918, pg 192; see also Harold Mattingly, Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, III, 1966, p. 358, #929, Pl. 65, 12, Clare Hornig, Denarius of Sabina Augusta, "CONCORDIA" (2013), http://www.dartmouth.edu/~yaleart/objects/coins/denarius-of-sabina-augusta-concordia/
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|