Roman Imperial coin, (base silver or bronze) Billon antoninianus. Struck during the reign of Marcus Cassianius Latinius Postumus, 259-268 C.E. The radiate head of Postumus faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG" surrounding image. On reverse, the standing figure of Fides Militum, the goddess and personification of the loyalty of the army, faces left and holds a standard in each hand with the inscriptions "FIDES MILITVM" surrounding image. Obverse and reverse of coin slightly off struck, rendering the inscriptions difficult to decipher.
Date range: 259-268 C.E.
Remarks: A man of humble origin, Postumus was a soldier of great merit and was appointed commander of the Rhine legions by Valerian. In 259 C.E., actuated either by personal ambition or at the desire of his troops, he rebelled against Gallienus, and ruled Gaul, Spain, and Britain firmly and wisely for almost a decade. He was completely successful not only in fighting back the German tribes from the Rhine frontier, but also in thwarting the repeated attempts of Gallienus to recover the lost provinces. In 268 C.E., however, Ulpius Cornelius Laelianus rebelled against Postumus, and although the usurper was quickly attacked and destroyed, the refusal of Postumus to allow his troops to sack Moguntiacum (Mainz), which had supported the rebel, led to his own assassination. Postumus' coins were minted in Lugdunum, Cologne, and Milan.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol III, 2005), #10940, pg 359
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|