Roman Imperial coin, copper, AE dupondius. Struck during the reign of the emperor Antoninus Pius (Titus Fulvus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius) in Rome, 138-161 C.E. The laureate head of Antoninus Pius faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XIII" (could be XVII--this matches #4279 in Sear 2000 edition Vol II) surrounding image. Slight damage and oxidation bottom right of coin. On reverse, the standing figure of Libertas, the goddess and personification of liberty, faces left and holds a pileus in her right hand and a scepter against her left with the inscriptions "LIBERTAS COS III" surrounding image and "S-C" on left and right of image. Obverse and reverse inscriptions based on Sear reference; inscriptions severely faded and difficult to decipher.
Date range: 138-161 C.E.
Remarks: Born in Lanuvium in 86 C.E., Antoninus Pius adopted a senatorial career and was consul in 120 C.E. and proconsul in Asia. He was adopted by Hadrian as his heir on February 25th, 138, and during the emperor's last months, Antoninus was virtually ruler, and his succession on July 10th was smooth. The history of his reign is almost a blank in the records, owning to the tranquility and prosperity which the Roman world enjoyed under his patient, judicious and impartial rule. Antoninus Pius' coins were minted in Rome.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values" , London 2002 (Vol II), #4279, 234
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Europe/Italy/Rome|