Roman Imperial coin, bronze, (AE) Billon antoninianus. Struck during the reign of Marcus Piavonius Victorinus, Emperor of the Gallic Empire, 268-270 C.E. The radiate head of Victorinus faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG" surrounding image. On obverse, the standing figure of Salus, the goddess and personification of safety and well-being, faces right and feeds a serpent that she is holding in her arms with the inscriptions "SALVS AVG" surrounding image. Edges of coins severely damaged, rendering the inscriptions difficult to decipher.
Date range: 268-270 C.E.
Remarks: A soldier of considerable ability, Victorinus succeeded to the throne of the Gallo-Roman Empire after the assassination of Marius his predecessor. Little is known of the history of his short reign, but it would seem that Spain seceded from his empire soon after his accession, and there were also troubles in Gaul, culminating in a rebellion at Augustodunum (Autun). Victorinus succeeded in taking the city after a siege of seven months, but soon afterwards he was murdered by one of his own officers at Cologne. Victorinus' coins were minted in Cologne, the same unidentified mint as Marius, and possibly Vienna.
Reference:David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol III, 2005), #11179, pg 384
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|