Roman Imperial coin, bronze (orichalcum), AE dupondius. Struck during the reign of Marcus Iulius Philippus Augustus in honor of his wife Otacilia Severa, during her lifetime, 244-249 C.E. The draped bust of Otacilia Severa wears a diadem and faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG" surrounding image. On reverse, the seated figure of Concordia, the goddess and personification of agreement in marriage and society, faces left and holds a patera in her right hand and a double cornucopia in her left with the inscriptions "CONCORDIA AVGG S C" surrounding image. Obverse and reverse images and inscriptions based on Sear reference; images and inscriptions faded and damaged and difficult to decipher.
Date range: 244-249 C.E.
Remarks: Her date of birth is unknown, but she was the daughter of Severus, Governor of Pannonia. She married Philip I, the Arab, about 234, and bore their child, Marcus Julius Severus Philippus (Philip II) in 237. Her husband was killed in battle in September of 249 and her son was killed shortly thereafter by the Praetorian Guard. We are uncertain as to Otacilia's fate. She was either killed with her son by the guardsmen or lived out her days in retirement. Philip I's coins were minted in Rome and Antioch.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol III, 2005)#9172, pg 176. (Possibly same as 2015.7.74); Tim Schroer, Maria Otacilia Severa (1999-2008), http://ettuantiquities.com/Philip_1/Otacilia-Description.htm
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|