Roman Imperial coin, silver, AR denarius. Struck during the reign of Maximinus (Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus Augustus) in Rome, 235-236 C.E. The laureate head of Maximinus I faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "IMP MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG" surrounding image. On reverse, the standing figure of Fides, the goddess and personification of trust and good faith, faces left and holds a standard in each hand with the inscriptions "FIDES MILITVM" surrounding image. Reverse inscriptions faded and difficult to decipher.
Date range: 235-236 C.E.
Remarks: Also known as Maximinus Thrax, he was born c. 173 C.E. of Thracian peasant stock and joined the ranks of the Roman army during the reign of Septimius Severus. He gained rapid promotion until, during the reign of Severus Alexander, he was given the command of a legion and later the governorship of Mesopotamia. In 235 C.E. he was in charge of levies of recruits on the Rhine, and on March 22nd he was proclaimed emperor by the army which had grown impatient of the unwarlike character of Severus Alexander. He campaigned against the Germans with considerable success, but his reign was characterized by his hatred of the nobility and ruthless cruelty towards anyone suspected of conspiring against him. The abortive rebellion of the Gordiani in Africa, in March 238, was soon followed by a similar defection in Rome, when Balbinus and Pupienus were elected joint emperors by the Senate. Maximinus thereupon invaded Italy, but his advance was delayed by an unsuccessful siege of Aquileia and his troops finally mutinied and murdered both him and his son Maximus on June 24th, 238. Maximinus' coins were minted in Rome.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol III, 2005), #8307, pg 78. (Obverse inscription could be MAXIMINVS PIVS AVG GERM)
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Europe/Italy/Rome|