Roman Imperial coin, bronze, (AE 3) Bronze centenionalis. Struck during the reign of Flavius Julius Valens Augustus, Emperor of the West, in Alexandria, 364-378 C.E. The draped and cuirassed bust of Valens I wears a diadem and faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "D N VALENS P F AVG". On reverse, the standing figure of Victoria, the goddess and personification of victory, faces left and holds a wreath in her left hand and a palm in her right with the inscriptions "SECVRITAS REI PVBLICAE" and "ALE(gamma)" in the exergum. Obverse and reverse inscriptions rendering them difficult to decipher.
Date range: 364-378 C.E.
Remarks: Flavius Valens, the younger brother if Valentinian I, was born at Cibalae in Pannonia about 328 C.E., and was raised to the rank of Augustus on March 28th, 364. Given the government of the Eastern provinces, much of his reign was spent in campaigning against the Goths on the Danube frontier and in countering the Persians menace in the East. In 376 the Visigoths, hard pressed by the Huns, sought permission to cross the Danube and settle on Roman territory. Valens granted this permission, but the Goths were so badly treated by the Romans that they broke into revolt and devastated the countryside of Moesia and Thrace. Valens advanced against the barbarians, but in a great battle fought near Hadrianopolis on August 9th, 378, the Roman army was almost annihilated and the emperor himself was slain. Valens I's coins were minted in Treveri, Lugdunum, Arelate, Milan, Aquileia, Rome, Siscia, Sirmium, Thessolonica, Heraclea, Constantinople, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol V, 2014), #19856, pg 147. (Quite possibly this coin was minted in Trier, and not Alexandria. The reverse exergum letters below Victoria look more like '...IER' than 'ALE' [Alexandria]; however, it does not really affect the value at all. See pgs 341-347: All coins are about $8-10.)
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Africa/Egypt/Alexandria|