Roman Imperial coin, bronze, antoninianus. Struck during the joint reign of Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Augustus with his father Valerian, in Mediolanum (Milan), 257 C.E. The draped and cuirassed bust of Gallienus wears a radiate crown and faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "IMP GALLIENVS P AVG" surrounding image. On reverse, the standing figure of Concordia, the goddess and personification of agreement in marriage and society, faces left and holds a patera in her left hand and a cornucopia in her right with the inscriptions "CONCOR MIL" surrounding image; [UPDATED] or it is the standing figure of Victory, "standing left, holding wreth and palm, pative at feet" (Sear). Obverse and reverse images and inscriptions based on Wildwinds reference; Obverse off struck and images and inscriptions are severely faded rendering them nearly illegible.
Date: 257 C.E.
Remarks: The son of Valerian, Gallienus was made co-emperor soon after his father's elevation. After the capture of Valerian by the Persians, Gallienus found himself sole ruler of an empire subject not only to fierce barbarian attacks from without, but rent by internal revolts, famine, and plagues, and the history of his reign is largely made up of frontier wars and contests with provincial usurpers. His reign also marked the further debasement of the antoninianus which, already reduced to a bronze coin with a silver wash before the end of the joint reign, continued to decline in size and weight during his sole reign. Gallienus was not the man to reconstitute an empire showing every sign of disintegration, and after a succession of campaigns he was eventually murdered at the siege of Milan in March, 268 C.E., being in his fiftieth year. The future emperors Claudius and Aurelian were both involved in the conspiracy of Illyrian officers which led to the assassination. Valerian's coins were minted in Rome, Lugdunum, Milan, Viminacium, and Antioch.
References: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values," (Vol III, 2005), #10188 (Concordia) or #10392 (Victory).
(I'm more inclined to believe the depiction on the back is Victory since there seems to be a T on the left side of the coin's inscription. An image of the WildWinds.com coin depicting Concordia can be found at http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/ric/gallienus/RIC_0377[j].jpg)
Wildwinds (2010), Gallienus, AR Antoninianus, http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/ric/gallienus/RIC_0377%5Bj%5D.txt
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Europe/Italy/Milan|