Roman Imperial coin, bronze, (AE 3) Bronze centenionalis. Struck during the reign of Flavius Valentinianus Augustus, Emperor of the West, in Aquileia, 364-375 C.E. The draped and cuirassed bust of Valentinian I wears a pearl diadem and faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG" surrounding image. On reverse, the standing figure of Victoria, the goddess and personification of victory, faces left and holds a wreath in her left hand and a palm in her right with the inscription "SECVRITAS REI PVBLICAE" left and right of image and "SM AQ S" in the exergum. Obverse and reverse slightly off struck rendering the inscriptions difficult to decipher.
Date range: 364-375 C.E.
Remarks: Born in Pannonia about 321 C.E., Valentinian I adopted a military career and ultimately rose to high rank under Julian and Jovian. Shortly after the latter's death he was proclaimed emperor at Nicaea, and about a month later he created his younger brother, Valens, co-emperor. The Empire was then divided between the two rulers, Valentinian being content to leave the government of the Eastern provinces to his brother, whilst he himself concentrated on the defence of the Rhine frontier, a task which demanded most of his time and energy. In 367 Britain was overrun by Picts, Scots, Franks, and Saxons, and the situation was so critical that it took Count Theodosius, a skilled and experienced general, nearly two years to restore law and order in the province. Late in 375, whilst in residence at Bregetio, in Pannonia, Valentinian I granted an audience to a deputation of Quadi: enraged at the impudence of the barbarians, the emperor was seized with an apoplectic fit and died soon afterwards. Valentinian I's coins were minted in Treveri, Lugdunum, Arelate, Milan, Aquileia, Rome, Siscia, Sirmium, Thessolonica, Heraclea, Constantinople, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values" (Vol V, 2014), #19492, pg 315.
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Europe/Italy/Aquileia|