Object Record

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Collection Roman Collection
Catalog Number 2015.7.133
Object Name Coin
Description Roman Imperial coin, silver, AR siliqua. Struck during the reign of Flavius Gratianus Augustus in Treveri (Trier) (367-383 AD). The draped and cuirassed bust of Gratian wears diadem and faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions D N GRATIANVS P F AVG" surrounding image. On reverse, the seated figure of Roma, the goddess and personification of Rome, faces right, enthroned, and wears a helmet and holds a scepter in her left hand with the inscriptions "VIRTVS ROMANORVM" left and right of image and "TRPS" in the exergum. Coin damaged and faded rendering the inscriptions difficult to decipher.
Date range: 367-383 C.E.

Remarks: The son of Valentinian I and Severa, Gratian was given the rank of Augustus in 367 C.E., when only seven years of age. Following his father's death in 375 he became the sole ruler of the Western division of the Empire, though his four-year-old half-brother, Valentinian II, was also raised to the rank of Augustus at this time and was nominally associated in the government. After the catastrophe at Hadrianopolis the Eastern division of the Empire also passed into Gratian's hands, but he found it expedient to elevate his general Theodosius to be his colleague in the government of these provinces. In 383 Magnus Maximus, the commander of the Roman armies in Britain, was proclaimed Augustus by his troops and invaded Gaul. Gratian, deserted by his own soldiers, fled in the direction of the Alps, but was overtaken and murdered at Lugdunum on August 25th. Gratian's coins were minted in Treveri, Lugdunum, Arelate, Milan, Aquileia, Rome, Siscia, Sirmium, Thessolonica, Heraclea, Constantinople, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria.

Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol V, 2014), #19971, pg 361.
Title Gratian
Date 367-383 CE
Material Silver
Dimensions Dia-0.625 inches
Credit line Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas
Place of Origin Europe/Germany/Trier
Subjects Roman Empire
Ancient Rome