Roman Imperial coin, silver, AR denarius. Struck during the joint reign of Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus Pius Augustus and Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus Augustus in Rome, 238 C.E. The laureate head of Balbinus faces right in profile, on obverse, with the inscriptions "IMP C D CAEL BALBINVS AVG" surrounding image. On reverse, the standing figure of Providentia, the goddess and personification of the ability to foresee and make provision, faces left with a wand on her right hand over a globe at her feet and a cornucopia in her left arm with the inscriptions "PROVIDENTIA DEORVM" surrounding image. Obverse and reverse of coin discolored; images and inscriptions still legible.
Date: 238 C.E.
Remarks: The fifth emperor to rule in 238 C.E., the Year of the Six Emperors. The Senate, having been informed of the deaths of the Gordiani and realizing that they had now incurred the active enmity of Maximinus I, elected two of their number Balbinus and Pupienus, as joint rulers. To the former was given the task of directing the civil administration, whilst the later gathered troops to oppose Maximinus' advance upon Rome. Although Maximinus was checked, and ultimately murdered by his own men, neither the citizens nor the army had any love for their two new rulers, and after a period of civil strife and disorder the Praetorians invaded the palace, dragged out the two emperors and murdered them, after a reign of ninety-eight days (July 29th, 238). Balbinus' coins were minted in Rome.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol III, 2005), #8307, pg 78.
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Europe/Italy/Rome|