Roman Imperial coin, bronze, follis. Struck during the reign of Marcus Flavius Valerius Constantius Herculius (Constantius I) as Caesar in Carthage, 293-305 C.E. The laureate head of Constantius I faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES" surrounding image. On reverse, the standing figure of Carthage, the goddess and personification of Carthage, faces left and holds fruits in both hands with the inscriptions "SALVIS AVGG ET CAESS FEL KART" and "(gamma)" in the exergum. Obverse and reverse slightly off struck. Reverse inscriptions based on Sear reference; oxidation on obverse and reverse render the inscriptions difficult to decipher.
Date range: 293-305 C.E.
Remarks: Constantius I was established as Caesar in the West under Maximianus in 293 C.E. Shortly after his appointment, Constantius I was sent to deal with a former general of Maximianus named Marcus Aurelius Mausaeus Carausius who, after having been charged with the task of clearing the sea of pirates near Gesoriacum (Boulogne), soon turned to piracy and declared himself emperor over part of Gaul and Britain. Constantius I soon captured Boulogne, Carausius' stronghold, but the later was soon after murdered by his chief minister, Allectus, who succeeded him. When Constantius I invaded Britain in 296, Allectus was defeated without much delay. Upon Maximianus' first abdication in 305, the newly raised Augustus repelled an invasion of Britain by the Picts, but died suddenly in 306 in York. His son by his first wife, Constantine the Great, was immediately proclaimed emperor by his father's troops, thus beginning the destabilization of Diocletian's tetrarcy system. Constantius I's coins as Caesar were likely minted in the same locations as Maximianus. Maximianus' coins were minted in London, Treveri, Lugdunum, Ticinum, Aquileia, Rome, Carthage, Siscia, Serdica, Thessalonica, Heraclea, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, Tripolis, Alexandria, and possibly Clausentum.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol IV, 2011), #14099, pg 255.
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Africa/Tunisia/Carthage|