Roman Imperial coin, bronze, AE follis. Struck during the reign of Gaius Valerius Licinianus Licinius Augustus as Augustus in the West or East in Siscia (Sisak), 308-324 C.E. The laureate head of Licinius I faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG" surrounding image. On reverse, the standing figure of Jupiter or Jove, god of the sky and thunder and king of the gods, faces left and holds a small figure of Victoria on a globe in his left and a scepter in his right with an eagle at his feet with the inscriptions "IOVI CONSERVATORI" surrounding image, "(delta)?" in the right field, and "SIS" in the exergum. On reverse, a small white square sticker with the letter "M" in the right field. Obverse and reverse images and inscriptions based on Sear reference; coin damaged and faded rendering images and inscriptions difficult to decipher.
Date range: 308-324 C.E.
Remarks: Licinius I, born c. 263 C.E. in Dacia, was a close childhood friend of the future emperor Galerius. In 308 as a slight to Constantine, Licinius I was given the vacant post of Augustus of the West, while the former was degraded to the rank of Caesar as a result of a conference called by Galerius at Carnuntum in an attempt to remedy the political confusion of the Empire. Naturally this created conflict between the members of the tetrarchy until Constantine and Licinius I came to an agreement in Milan, in which Licinius I married Constantia, Constantine's half-sister, and they issued the famous Edict of Milan that granted complete religious toleration to the subjects of the Empire. There followed a a decade of joint-rule between Constantine and Licinius I, the former as Augustus of the West and the latter as Augustus of the East, but relations between the two were strained even at the best of times. Licinius I soon began to intrigue against Constantine and, after battles and other political subterfuge, Constantine proved victorious and had Licinius I hanged in the Spring of 325. Licinius I's coins were minted in London, Treveri, Lugdunum, Arelate, Ticinum, Aquileia, Rome, Ostia, Siscia, Serdica, Thessalonica, Heraclea, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol IV, 2011), #15211, pg 376.
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Europe/Croatia/Sisak|