Roman Imperial coin, silver, AR denarius. Struck during the sole reign of Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus (emperor Caracalla) in Rome, 215 C.E. The laureate head of Caracalla faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "ANTONINVS PIVS AVG GERM" surrounding image. Obverse slightly off struck and damaged on left side, rendering the inscriptions difficult to decipher. On reverse, the standing figure of Apollo (the god of music, truth and prophecy, healing, the sun/light, and poetry) faces left and holds a branch in his right hand and rests his left hand on a lyre set on a cippus with the inscriptions P M TR P XVIII COS IIII P P" surrounding image.
Date: 215 C.E.
Remarks: Born on April 6th, 188 C.E. at Lugdunum, the elder son of Severus and Julia Domna. In 196 he was given the rank of Caesar and in 198 he was created Augustus, although only ten years of age. On the death of his father in 211, Caracalla reigned jointly with his brother Geta, as Severus had arranged. In 212, however, Geta was assassinated by the orders of Caracalla who also caused many prominent and distinguished Romans to be put to death, so as to consolidate his position as ruler. His reign was marked by extravagance and cruelty, and in his wars he achieved more by treachery than by force of arms. He was finally murdered by the orders of Macrinus, the praetorian prefect, on April 8th, 217, whilst he was travelling between Edessa and Carrhae. Caracalla's coins were minted in Rome, during his sole reign.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values" , London 2002 (Vol II), #6835, pg 522
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Europe/Italy/Rome|