Object Record

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Collection Roman Collection
Catalog Number 2015.7.80
Object Name Coin
Description Roman Imperial coin, silver, AR antoninianus. Struck during the reign of Gaius Vibius Afinius Trebonianus Gallus Augustus, 251-253 C.E. The radiate head of Trebonianus Gallus faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "IMP CAES C VIB TREB GALLVS AVG" surrounding image. On reverse, the standing figure of Libertas, the goddess and personification of liberty, faces left and holds a pileus in her right hand and a scepter in her left with the inscriptions "LIBERTAS AVGG" surrounding image. Reverse inscriptions slightly faded but legible.
Date range: 251-253 C.E.

Remarks: Nothing is known of the early history of this emperor, but he is recorded as having held a high command in the army which was defeated by the Goths at Abrittus. After the death of Decius, which may have been due to treachery on the part of Gallus, the latter was chosen to fill the vacant throne, and his first act was the conclusion of a peace with the Goths, the terms of which were felt to be shameful to Rome and an encouragement of future aggression to the Goths. The reign of Gallus was troubled by invasions on both the Northern and Eastern frontiers, and the situation was further worsened by a devastating plague which swept the empire and even took the life of the joint-emperor, Hostilian. In 252 C.E. Aemilian, the governor of Moesia, inflicted a severe defeat on the Goths and was immediately proclaimed emperor by his troops. The following year he invaded Italy, and whilst advancing to deal with the rebels, Gallus and his son Volusian were murdered by their own soldiers. Trebonianus Gallus' coins were minted in Rome, Milan, and Antioch.

Reference:David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol III, 2005) #9634, pg 231.
Title Trebonianus Gallus
Date 251-253 CE
Material Silver
Dimensions Dia-0.75 inches
Credit line Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas
Subjects Roman Empire
Ancient Rome