Roman Imperial coin, bronze, follis. Struck during the reign of Gaius Aurelius Valerius Dicoletianus Augustus (Diocletian) in Ticinum (Pavia), 295-305 C.E. The laureate head of Diocletian faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "IMP C DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG" surrounding image. On reverse, the standing figure of Moneta, the personification and goddess of memory and an epithet of Juno Moneta, the protectress of funds, faces left and holds scales in her left hand and a cornucopia in her right with the inscriptions "SACRA MON AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR" surrounding image and "ST" in the exergum. Obverse and reverse damaged with oxidation, images and inscriptions faded and difficult to decipher.
Date range: 300-303 C.E.
Remarks: Diocletian instituted a number of coin reforms. Coins resembling antoniniani continued to be struck but they contained no trace of silver, whereas the pre-reform antoniniani contained 4% of that metal. The absence of the XXI mark on these post-reform radiates and the transference of this mark to the follis, which contained a small percentage of silver, lends weight to the theory that the true meaning of the XXI mark, introduced by Aurelian, is 20 parts of copper and 1 part of silver. Diocletian's coins were minted in London, Treveri, Lugdunum, Ticinum, Aquileia, Rome, Carthage, Siscia, Serdica, Thessalonica, Heraclea, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, Tripolis, Alexandria, and possibly Clausentum.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol IV, 2011), #12821, pg 111.
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Europe/Italy/Pavia|