Roman Imperial coin, silver, AR siliqua. Struck during the reign of Arcadius, Emperor of the East, in Milan, 395-423 C.E. The draped and cuirassed bust of Arcadius wears a pearl diadem and faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "D N ARCADIVS P F AVG" left and right of image. The seated figure of Roma, the goddess and personification of Rome, faces left and holds a small figure of Victoria on a globe in her right hand and a reversed spear in her left with the inscriptions "VIRTVS ROMANORVM" left and right of image and "MDPS" in the exergum. Obverse and reverse inscriptions partially based on Sear reference; coin badly damaged on left side and inscriptions faded rendering them difficult to decipher.
Date range: 395-423 C.E.
Remarks: Flavius Arcadius, the elder son of Theodosius I and Aelia Flaccilla, was born in 377 C.E. and was raised to the rank of Augustus by his father in 383. On the death of Theodosius in 395, the Empire was divided between his two sons, Arcadius taking the Eastern division, and Honorius the Western. The imperial brothers had inherited none of their father's great abilities, and in consequence both were constantly under the influence of the strong personalities in their courts. During the reign of Arcadius, the government of the Eastern division of the Empire was successfully in the hands of Rufinus the Praetorian Prefect, Eutropius the eunuch, Gainas the Goth, the Empress Eudoxia, and finally the Praetorian Prefect Anthemius. On May 1st, 408, the feeble emperor expired in his palace at Constantinople and was succeeded by his seven-year-old son Theodosius II. Arcadius' coins were minted in Treveri, Lugdunum, Arelate, Milan, Aquileia, Rome, Siscia, Sirmium, Thessolonica, Heraclea, Constantinople, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol V, 2014), #20762, pg 437.
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Europe/Italy/Milan|