Roman Imperial coin, (base silver or bronze) Billon antoninianus. Struck during the reign of Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus Augustus in honor of his wife Cornelia Salonina during her lifetime, 260-268 C.E. The draped bust of Salonina wears a diadem and rests on a crescent faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "CORNELIA SALONINA AVG" surrounding image. On reverse, the standing and veiled figure of Vesta, the virgin goddess of the hearth, home, and family, faces left and holds a patera in her right hand and a scepter in her left with the inscription "VESTA" surrounding image. Edges of coin worn down and missing sections, rendering the faded inscriptions difficult to decipher.
Date range: 260-268 C.E.
Remarks: Cornelia Salonina was the wife of Gallienus and the mother of Valerian II and Saloninus: she was murdered with her husband in 268 C.E. Gallienus' sole reign coins were minted in Rome, Milan, Siscia, and possibly Cyzicus and Antioch.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values," (Vol III, 2005), #10663, pg 329.
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|