Object Record

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Collection Roman Collection
Catalog Number 2015.7.134
Object Name Coin
Description Roman Imperial coin, silver, AR siliqua. Struck during the reign of Flavius Theodosius Augustus in Treveri (Trier), 379-395 C.E. The draped and cuirassed bust of Theodosius I wears a diadem and faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG" left and right of image. On reverse, the seated figure of Constantinopolis, the goddess and personification of Constantinople, faces right and holds a globe in her left hand and a scepter in her right with the inscriptions CONCORDIA AVGGG" left and right of image and "TRPS" in the exergum. Reverse slightly off struck and faded rendering the inscriptions difficult to decipher.
Date range: 379-395 C.E.

Remarks: Flavius Theodosius was born at Italica in Spain about 346 C.E., the son of the famous Count Theodosius who cleared Britain of invaders in the reign of Valentinian I. The son soon proved that he had inherited all his father's military talents, and he became one of the Empire's foremost generals. Finally, a few months after the catastrophe of Hadrianopolis, Gratian elevated him to the rank of Augustus and he succeeded to the throne of the Eastern division of the Empire (January, 379). The new emperor immediately set about rescuing the Eastern provinces from the Gothic onslaught, but no sooner had he completed this task than he had to turn his attention to the West, where Magnus Maximus had overthrown Gratian and was threatening Valentinian II. In 388 Theodosius finally defeated Maximus, but six years later he again had to march against a Western usurper, this time Eugenius, the nominee of Arbogastes. By his victory over Eugenius, Theodosius extended his rule over the entire Empire, but less than five months later, on January 17th, 395, he died at Milan, a victim of dropsy. Theodosius I's coins were minted in Treveri, Lugdunum, Arelate, Milan, Aquileia, Rome, Siscia, Sirmium, Thessolonica, Heraclea, Constantinople, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, Alexandria, and possibly London.

Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol V, 2014), #20446, pg 403. (This description in Sear contains the CONCORDIA AVGG, but on our coin the reverse image seems to be holidng a globe and not a cornucopiae; also, ours faces left. But the inscription on the left side does seem to be "CONCOR...". Compare with #20456, pg 404 VIRTVS ROMANORVM. Regardless, the value is consistent.)
Title Theodosius I
Date 379-395 AD CE
Material Silver
Dimensions Dia-0.688 inches
Credit line Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas
Place of Origin Europe/Germany/Trier
Subjects Roman Empire
Ancient Rome