Roman Imperial coin, bronze, AE 3. Struck during the reign of Arcadius in honor of his wife Aelia Eudoxia (c. 377-404 C.E.) during her lifetime, in Nicomedia (Izmit), 395-404 C.E. The draped bust of Eudoxia wears a diadem and is crowned by a hand above, faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "AEL EVDOXIA AVG" left and right of image. On reverse, the seated figure of Eudoxia is crowned by a hand above with a cross in the right field with the inscriptions "GLORIA ROMANORVM" left and right of image and "SMNA" in the exergum. Obverse and reverse inscriptions partially based on Sear reference; inscriptions faded rendering them difficult to decipher.
Date range: 395-404 C.E.
Remakrs: Aelia Eudoxia was the daughter of Bauto the Frank and was married to Arcadius in 395 C.E.; he was eighteen at the time of their marriage and she was presumed to be of an equivalent age. In the decade between her marriage and her death, Eudoxia gave birth to five surviving children: Flacilla, Pulcheria, Arcadia, Theodosius II, and Marina. She exercised considerable influence over her weak husband, and from 400 till her death in October, 404, she was the virtual ruler of the Eastern division of the Empire. Coins struck in her honor were minted in Constantinople, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol V, 2014), #20888, pg 448.
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Asia/Turkey/Izmit|