Roman Imperial coin, bronze, AE 4. Struck during the joint reign of Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans I in honor of their step-grandmother Theodora (c. 275-305) after her death, in Constantinople (Istanbul), 337-340 C.E. The draped bust of Theodora wears a diadem and faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscription "FL MAX THEODORAE AVG" left and right of image. On reverse, the standing figure of Pietas, the goddess and personification of a respectful and faithful attachment to gods, country, and relatives, especially parents, faces right and holds a child in her arms with the inscriptions "PIETAS ROMANA" left and right of image and "CONS(epsilon)" in the exergum. Coin irregularly shaped rendering the inscriptions difficult to decipher.
Date range: 337-340 C.E.
Remarks: In 293, Theodora married Constantius I after he had divorced from his first wife, Helena, to strengthen his political position. The couple had six children: Flavius Dalmatius, Julius Constantius, Hannibalianus, Anastasia, Flavia Julia Constantia, and Eutropia. Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans I's coins were minted in different locations including Ambianum, Treveri, Lugdunum, Arelate, Aquileia, Rome, Siscia, Sirmium, Thessalonica, Heraclea, Constantinople, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol V, 2014), #17504, pg 121
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Asia/Turkey/Istanbul|