Roman Imperial coin, bronze, (AE 3/4) Billon centenionalis. Struck during the reign of Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus in honor of his son Constantius II as Caesar during his lifetime in Cyzicus (Belkis), 324-337 C.E. The laureate and cuirassed bust of Constantius II faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C" surrounding image. On reverse, two soldiers stand on either side of two standards with the inscriptions "GLORIA EXERCITVS" surrounding image and "SMK A" in the exergum. Obverse and reverse inscriptions based on Sear reference; reverse slightly off struck, obverse and reverse inscriptions faded rendering them difficult to decipher.
Date range: 324-337 C.E.
Remarks: The second son of Constantine I and Fausta, Constantius II was born in 317 C.E. and was given the rank of Caesar in 324, soon after the defeat of Licinius. On the division of the Empire he received all the eastern territories from Asia Minor to Cyrenaica, and two years later (339) he also acquired Thrace. Following the death of Constans in 350, he marched against Magnentius, who was now recognized by most of the western provinces, and despite some initial reverses he gained a decisive victory over the usurper in September 351. Magnentius was finally destroyed in 353, and Constantius spent the next few years campaigning on the Danube frontier. War with Persia, however, necessitated his return to the East in 359, but early in the following year he received news that his cousin Julian had been proclaimed Augustus at Paris by his troops. After some delay, due to the Persian War, Constantius set out for the West, but whilst advancing through Cilicia he was attacked by fever and died at Mopsucrene on November 3rd, 361, thus leaving Julian master of the Roman world. Coins struck in his honor were minted in London, Treveri, Lugdunum, Arelate, Rome, Siscia, Sirmium, Thessalonica, Heraclea, Constantinople, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol V, 2014), #17696, pg 140
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Asia/Turkey/Belkis|