Object Record

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Collection Roman Collection
Catalog Number 2015.7.121
Object Name Coin
Description Roman Imperial coin, bronze, (AE 3/4) Billon reduced centenionalis. Struck during the reign of Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus in honor of his son Constans I as Caesar during his lifetime in Antioch, 335 C.E. The laureate and cuirassed bust of Constans I faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "FL IVL CONSTANS NOB C" surrounding image. Obverse slightly off struck. On reverse, the two soldiers stand on either side of one standard with the inscriptions "GLORIA EXERCITVS" surrounding image and "SMANH" in the exergum.
Date: 335 C.E.

Remarks: Flavius Julius Constans, the youngest son of Constantine I and Fausta, was born about 320 C.E. and was raised to the rank of Caesar in 333. On the division of the Empire he received Italy, Africa, and the Balkans, though he later surrendered Thrace and Constantinople to his brother Constantius in 339. In 340 his brother, Constantine, invaded his territories but was defeated and killed, thus leaving Constans master of the western half of the Empire. During the following decade he campaigned against the barbarians with considerable success, and in 343 he visited Britain, the last reigning monarch to do so, in order to repel the Picts and Scots. In 350, however, whilst on a hunting expedition in Gaul, he received word that Magnentius had rebelled at Augustodunum (Antun) and that the legions joined the revolt. Constans thereupon fled in the direction of Spain, but was overtaken and murdered near the fortress of Helene at the foot of the Pyrenees.

In 346 Constantius II and Constans carried out a reform of the bronze coinage. The AE 4 denomination was discontinued and a piece of AE 2 module (c. 23 mm.) was introduced. The name of this new denomination was probably contenionalis and at first it always bore the reverse legend "FEL TEMP REPARATIO". Coins struck in his honor were minted in London, Treveri, Lugdunum, Arelate, Rome, Siscia, Sirmium, Thessalonica, Heraclea, Constantinople, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria.

Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol V, 2014), #18377, pg 203
Title Constans
Date 336-337 CE
Material Bronze
Dimensions Dia-0.75 inches
Credit line Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas
Place of Origin Asia/Turkey/Antioch
Subjects Roman Empire
Ancient Rome