Roman Imperial coin, silver, AR antoninianus. Struck during the reign of Caesar Gaius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius Augustus, possibly in 251 during his joint reign with his son, Quintus Herennius Etruscus Messius Decius Augustus, 249-251 C.E. The radiate head of Trajan Decius faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG" surrounding image. On reverse, the two Pannoniae, the personifications of the divisions of the region of Pannoniae, face front and stand side by side, each holding a standard with the inscription "PANNONIAE" surrounding image. Reverse images faded and difficult to decipher.
Date range: 249-251 C.E.
Remarks: Born about 201 C.E. at Budalia, a village in Lower Pannonia, Decius attained senatorial rank early in his career and was governor of Lower Moesia from 234-8 C.E. Following the abortive rebellion of Pacatian in Upper Moesia, Philip dispatched Decius to restore order; but the rebels forced the latter, under threat of death, to assume the purple and march upon Italy. In the ensuing battle, which was fought near Verona, Philip and his son were slain and Decius was left undisputed master of the empire. Much of his short reign was spent in fighting the barbarians on the Northern frontier, and in battle against the Goths at Abrittus, late in 251 , Decius was defeated and killed together with his elder son and co emperor, Herennius Etruscus. The reign of Decius is, perhaps, best known for his rigorous persecution of the Christians, in which Pope Fabian lost his life. Trajan Decius' coins were minted in Rome, Milan, and Antioch.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol III, 2005), #9378, pg 199.
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|