Roman Imperial coin, bronze, AE 3. Struck during the reign of Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus (Constantine I, or Constantine The Great) in Treveri (Trier), 312-337 C.E. The helmeted and cuirassed bust of Constantine the Great faces left in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG" surrounding image. On reverse, the standing figures of two Victorias, the goddess and personification of victory, rest against a shield in the center inscribed with "VOT P R" on altar and the inscriptions "VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP" surrounding image and "PTR" in the exergum. Obverse and reverse inscriptions based on Sear reference; inscriptions faded and difficult to decipher.
Remarks: Soon after the defeat of Maxentius by Constantine in 312 C.E., achieved through the divine intervention of the Christian God, Constantine and Licinius replaced the follis with an AE 3 denomination of c. 18-20 mm. diameter and c. 48 grains weight. By 324, Constantine emerged victorious in a series of civil wars to become sole ruler of both west and east. His religious devotion lead Constantine to transform the city of Byzantium into a new Christian capital of the world. The work took over five years and the city, renamed Constantinopolis, was dedicated on May 11th, 330. He took care to raise his sons and nephews into Caesar positions in the tetrarchy, but the supreme power was still in the hands of Constantine himself, who was the sole Augustus. Whilst preparing to supervise a war against the Persians, Constantine fell ill and died at Nicomedia on May 22nd, 337. Constantine's coins were minted in London, Treveri, Lugdunum, Arelate, Ticinum, Aquileia, Rome, Ostia, Carthage, Siscia, Sirmium, Serdica, Thessalonica, Heraclea, Constantinople, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, Alexandria.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol IV, 2011), #16297, pg 484. (May also be one of the other following on the page.)
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Europe/Germany/Trier|