Object Record

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Collection Roman Collection
Catalog Number 2015.7.113
Object Name Coin
Description Roman Imperial coin, bronze, AE 3. Struck during the reign of Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus (Constantine I, or Constantine the Great) in honor of his wife Fausta (289-326 C.E.) during her lifetime, in Treveri (Trier), 324-325 C.E. The draped bust of Fausta faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG" left and right of image. On reverse, the standing figure of Fausta or Spes, the goddess and personification of hope, faces left and holds her sons, Constans and Constantius II, in her arms with the inscriptions "SPES REIPVBLICAE" left and right of image and "PTR(dot in crescent)" in the exergum. Obverse and reverse slightly off struck.
Date range: 324-325 C.E.

Remarks: The daughter of Maximianus and the second wife of Constantine I, she was married to the later in the Spring in 307 at the same time he was raised to Augustus in order strengthen the new yet short lived alliance. Fausta was held in high esteem by Constantine, and proof of his favour was that in 323 she was proclaimed Augusta. In 326, Fausta had become jealous of her step-son, Crispus, who was a Caesar and the son of Constantine by his first wife, Minervina. Fausta saw in the growing popularity of Crispus a threat to the future of her own three sons, so she fabricated evidence of treason against the unfortunate Caesar who was imprisoned and executed. When Constantine learned the truth, he immediately condemned his wife to death and she was thrown into a bath of boiling water. Coins struck in her honor were minted in London, Treveri, Lugdunum, Arelate, Rome, Siscia, Sirmium, Thessalonica, Heraclea, Constantinople, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria.

Reference: Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol IV, 2011), #16558, pg 510
Title Fausta
Date 324-325 CE
Material Bronze
Dimensions Dia-0.75 inches
Credit line Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas
Place of Origin Europe/Germany/Trier
Subjects Roman Empire
Ancient Rome