Roman Imperial coin, silver, AR siliqua. Struck during the reign of Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus in Constantinople (Istanbul), 360-363 C.E. The diademed and cuirassed bust of Julian II wears a diadem and faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "D N FL CL IVLIANVS PF AVG" (possibly--it is unclear) surrounding image. Obverse inscriptions based on Sear references; inscriptions are faded rendering the difficult to decipher. On reverse, a laurel wreath is depicted with the inscriptions "VOT X MVLT XX" center and "CONS" in the exergum.
Date range: 360-363 C.E.
Remarks: Born in Constantinople about 322 C.E., Julian was the half-brother of Gallus and a nephew of Constantine the Great. He was imprisoned by Constantius II at the time of Gallus' execution, but his life was spared, and later he was restored to the Imperial favor and given the rank of Caesar (November 6th, 355): about the same time he married Constantius' youngest sister, Helena. Having been given the governorship of Gaul, he proved himself a very able commander and campaigned with great success against the barbarian invaders of his province. However, in the spring of 360 his troops, having been ordered to furnish contingents for employment against the Persians, rose in revolt against Constantius and proclaimed Julian Augustus. The new ruler then set out to meet Constantius, but the latter died in Cilicia whilst on his way to put down the revolt, leaving Julian undisputed possession of the Empire. After less than two years of sole ruler, however, he was killed in battle against the Persians on June 26th, 363.
Julian was a man of considerable literary attainments and some of his writings are still extant. He strongly favored the old pagan religion, with which he had far more sympathy than with the Christian creed which he had been forced to adopt, and this caused the Church historians of the period to stigmatize him as "the Apostate"; but the title "Philosopher", which he was also given, is probably more just. Julian II's coins were minted in Lugdunum, Arelate, Aquileia, Rome, Siscia, Sirmium, Thessalonica, Heraclea, Constantinople, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antioch, and Alexandria.
Reference: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values", (Vol V, 2014), #19126, pg 279. (Uncertain if this is the correct coin, but the reverse description and the CONST marking--locating it at the mint at Constantinople--make me fairly certain. Sear mentions an eagle or dot preceding CONST. Perhaps it is a dot with our coin here.)
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Asia/Turkey/Istanbul|