Roman Imperatorial coin, silver, AR denarius. Minted by Lucius Mussidius T.F. Longus and Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus (Octavian), moneyers (tresviri monetales) in 42 B.C.E. The laureate head of Julius Caesar faces right in profile, on obverse with no inscription. On reverse, a rudder, a cornucopia on a globe, a winged caduceus, and a flamen's cap are depicted from left to right, with the inscription " ...SSIDIVS LONGUS" (Probably L. MUSSIDIVS LONGVS, accroding to Sear pg 272 #1426) above. Reverse images and inscription off struck.
Date: 42 B.C.E.
Remarks: This coin was issued in commemoration of a decree by the Roman Senate on 1 January 42 B.C.E. that posthumously granted him the title Divus Iulius (the divine Julius), making him a god. This allowed Octavian, Caesar's adopted son, to take the title Divus Filius (son of a god).
Caius Octavius Thurinus was born in Rome in 63 and was the great-nephew of Julius Caesar who adopted him as his heir shortly before his death. In 43 Caius Julius Caesar Octavianus, as he was now called, formed the second triumvirate with the other Caesarean leaders, M. Antony and Lepidus. The Republican leaders, Brutus and Cassius, were defeated at Philippi (42 BCE) and the victorious triumviri divided the Roman world amongst themselves."Lepidus took not active part in the Philippi campaign inthe autumn of 42 BCE...He retained his triumviral rank until 36 BCE when he was deposed by Octavian following an attempted coup in Sicily during the war against Sextus Pompey. The remaining 23 years of his life were spent as a state prisoner in the coastal town of Circeii" (Sear 294, Vol I). Relations between Octavian and Antony were always strained and at length they declared war. Antony was defeated at the battle of Actium (31 BCE) and his suicide the following year left Octavian the master of the Roman world at the age of thirty-three.
The next few years were spent completely reorganizing the Constitution, and in 27 BCE he was given the title "Augustus" by which he is best known to history. Augustus' coins were minted (from 27 BCE) in Rome, Emerita, Lugdunum, Ephesus, and possibly Caesaraugusta, Colonia Patricia, and Pergamum.
References:Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values" , London 2000 (Vol I), #1426, pg 272. (I'm pretty sure this coin in Sear is 2015.7.13, or at least the closest match. ***SEE APPRAISAL NOTE***); Edward Sydenham, The Coinage of the Roman Republic (1952), #1096.
|Title||Caesar L. Mussidius Longus|
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|