Roman Imperial coin, bronze (orichalcum), AE sestertius. Struck during the reign of the Emperor Trajan (Marcus Ulpinus Traianus, also known by full title of Imperator Caesar Nerva Traianus Divi Nervae filius Augustus), 98-117 C.E. The radiate head of Trajan faces right in profile, on obverse with the inscriptions "IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P" surrounding image. Obverse inscriptions based on Sear reference; inscriptions very small and difficult to decipher due to fading. On reverse, the standing figure of Providentia (the personification of the ability to foresee and make provision) faces left and leans against a column with her left arm and extends her right with a globe to her right with the inscriptions "PROVIDENTIA AVGVSTI S P Q R" surrounding image and "S-C" on left and right of image.
Date range: 98-117 C.E.
Remarks: Upon the death of Augustus, the emperor Tiberius established an altar to Providentia Augusta in recognition of "the godhead manifested in his father's provisions for the Roman state." Her cult continued to be popular and she appeared on Roman coins issued under Vespasian, Trajan, Hadrian, Antonius Pius, Septimus Severus, Commodus, and Diocletian. Trajan's coin were minted in Rome and Asia Minor.
References: David Sear, "Roman Coins and Their Values" , London 2002 (Vol II), #3198, pg 108; Harold Burham, The Esoteric Codex: Deities of Knowledge (2015), Chapter 34, pp. 216-217.
|Credit line||Gift of Arthur G. and Roswitha Haas|
|Place of Origin||Europe/Germany/Mainz|